Froben, Johann

Froben, Johann
   Basel printer, head of the greatest northern Renaissance publishing and printing firm of the early 16th century, which continued under the direction of his heirs and associates until 1587. Froben was a master printer and successful businessman, not a scholar, but he realized the market value of high-quality humanistic publications and made his firm the most respected publisher of classical and humanistic books north of the Alps. He learned his trade in Nuremberg but in 1491 moved to Basel and began printing. In 1494 he entered a partnership with Johannes Petri and the leading Basel printer of the preceding generation, Johannes Amerbach. After the death of his partners, Froben took full control of the press but brought in as a new partner his father-in-law, the bookseller Wolfgang Lachner, who was an astute busi-nessman and looked after the commercial side of the business while Froben handled the authors and editors and the process of production.
   By 1510 his press had become the center of a large circle of humanist scholars, mostly German and Swiss, who wrote and edited texts for publication. Some of these were Beatus Rhenanus, Heinrich Glareanus, Johannes Oecolampadius, and Conradus Pellicanus, the two latter destined to become important leaders of the early Swiss Reformation, but his greatest acquisition was the leading humanist of the century, Desiderius Erasmus, who found in the Froben press the ideal outlet for his scholarly publications. From about 1515, Froben became almost the exclusive publisher used by Erasmus. The landmarks of Froben's work as publisher of Erasmus, both first issued in 1516, were the famous Greek edition of the New Testament and the collected works of the greatest scholar among the ancient Latin Church Fathers, St. Jerome. In 1521 Erasmus moved from the Netherlands to Basel, where he enjoyed the lively intellectual activity and impressive linguistic skills of the young humanists employed by Froben and found a stimulating milieu in which to work. In large part because of the value (both personal and financial) of Erasmus to the firm, Froben generally avoided the publication of works by Martin Luther and other leaders of the Reformation, leaving that lucrative market to other Basel printers. After Froben's death in 1527, the firm continued to flourish under the direction of his son Hieronymus.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Froben, Johann — or Johannes Frobenius born с 1460, Hammelburg, Franconia died October 1527, Basel, Switz. German born Swiss scholar and printer active in Basel. His first publication was a Latin Bible (1491). By 1515 he and three partners owned four presses, and …   Universalium

  • Froben, Johann — o Johannes Frobenius (1460, Hammelburg, Franconia–oct. 1527, Basilea, Suiza). Erudito e impresor suizo nacido en Alemania. Trabajó en Basilea. Su primera publicación fue una Biblia en latín (1491). En 1515, él y otros tres socios eran dueños de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johann Froben — Naissance vers 1460 Hammelburg Décès 27 octobre …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • FROBEN (J.) — FROBEN JOHANN (1460 env. 1527) Né à Hammelburg (basse Franconie), Johann Froben aurait travaillé chez Anton Koberger à Nuremberg, puis chez Johann Amerbach à Bâle. Le 13 novembre 1490, il obtient le droit de bourgeoisie dans cette ville et y… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Johann Froben — Retrato de Johann Froben por Hans Holbein el Joven, 1520–26. Froben le encargó varias ilustraciones para libros a Holbein. Johann Froben, en latín: Johannes Frobenius (y combinaciones), (Hammelburg, Franconia, hacia 1460 Basilea, 27 de octubre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Johann — /yoh hahn/, n. a male given name, Germanic form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Johann Jakob Astor Bach Johann Christian Bach Johann Sebastian Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff Johann Heinrich… …   Universalium

  • Johann — (as used in expressions) Johann Jakob Astor Bach, Johann Christian Bach, Johann Sebastian Baeyer, (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm) Adolf von Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich, conde von Bodmer, Johann Georg Eck, Johann Johann Maier… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Froben Christoph von Zimmern — und seine Gattin Kunigunde Gräfin von Eberstein Froben Christoph von Zimmern (* 19. Februar 1519 auf Schloss Mespelbrunn im Spessart; † 27. November 1566 vermutlich in Meßkirch) war Verfasser der „Zimmerischen Chronik“ und Mitglied der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Froben — Johann Froben, in Latin: Johannes Frobenius, (Hammelburg, Franconia, circa 1460 Basel, 27 October 1527) was a famous printer and publisher in Basel.BiographyAfter completing his university career at Basel, where he made the acquaintance of the… …   Wikipedia

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