Grünewald, Matthias

Grünewald, Matthias
(d. 1528)
   German painter, also active as an architect and engineer. Virtually nothing is known about his early life and training. He was probably born in Würzburg, but even this is uncertain. The growing fashion for italianate styles, evident in the work of his contemporary Albrecht Dürer, probably explains why this great painter, whose work is clearly Northern rather than Italian in inspiration, was largely overlooked in his own century and virtually forgotten until the 20th century. His earliest identifiable paintings, such as his Mocking of Christ, date from about 1504-1506. Between 1508 and 1514 he served as court painter to the archbishop of Mainz. By far his best-known work is the polyptich or altarpiece commissioned for the chapel of a monastery near Isenheim in Alsace, and its most famous segment is a Crucifixion scene. Unlike the works of Dürer, Grünewald's paintings do not reflect a direct influence from Italy. They continue many features of Northern art of the 15th century, yet they also show the sophisticated use of perspective, the physical treatment of the human figure, and the simplified, thematically unified composition that are generally taken to be signs of influence from Renaissance Italy.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Grünewald, Matthias — orig. Mathis Gothardt Neithardt or Mathis Gothart Nithart born с 1480, Würzburg, bishopric of Würzburg died August 1528, Halle, archbishopric of Magdeburg German painter. Details of his early life are vague. By с 1509 he was court painter to the… …   Universalium

  • Grünewald, Matthias — (c. 1475–1528)    Artist.    Little is known of the life of Grünewald. However his Crucifixion is world famous. Jesus on the cross is a tortured figure while John the baptist points to him and the inscription reads, ‘He must increase and I must… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Grünewald, Matthias — (Mathis Gothart Neithart; c. 1470/1475 1528)    Along with Albrecht Dürer, Grünewald was the greatest artistic genius of Renaissance Germany. He was practically unknown until the 20th century when his identity and works were finally rediscovered …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Grünewald,Matthias — Grü·ne·wald (gro͞oʹnə wôld , grüʹnə vält ), Matthias. Originally Mathis Gothardt Nithart. Died 1528. German painter noted for his paintings of religious scenes, particularly the Crucifixion, in which he employed vivid colors and exaggerated… …   Universalium

  • Grünewald, Matthias — orig. Mathis Gothardt Neithardt or Mathis Gothart Nithart (1480, Würzburg, obispado de Würzburg–ago. 1528, Halle, arzobispado de Magdeburgo). Pintor alemán. Los detalles de los primeros años de su vida son inciertos. En 1509 ya era pintor de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grünewald — Grünewald, Matthias, deutscher Maler, war am Ende des 15. und im ersten Biert el des 16. Jahrh. tätig. Man weiß von seinen Lebensverhältnissen nur, daß er in Aschaffenburg geboren war und sich meist in Mainz aufhielt. Auch sein künstlerisches… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Grünewald — Grünewald, Matthias, Maler des 16. Jahrh., aus Aschaffenburg, dort und im Elsaß tätig, gest. nach 1529. Seine Werke manieriert, aber in trefflichem Helldunkel; Hauptwerk der sog. Altar von Isenheim (Colmar). – Vgl. Fleurent (1903), Bock (1904) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Matthias Grünewald — Das sogenannte Erlanger Selbstbildnis, lange Zeit als einziges authentisches Selbstporträt Grünewalds betrachtet, wird von der jüngeren Forschung zunehmend als Studie zu Johannes dem Evangelisten gesehen Matthias Grünewald (16. Jahrhundert), auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matthias Grünewald — Second state of the Isenheim Altarpiece, Unterlinden Museum Matthias Grünewald or Mathis (as first name), Gothart or Neithardt (as surname), (c. 1470 – August 31, 1528), was a German Renaissance painter of religious works, who ignored Renaissance …   Wikipedia

  • Matthias Grünewald — Mathis Gothart Nithart Juan Evangelista (largo tiempo considerado un autorretrato) de Grünewald …   Wikipedia Español

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