Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Guelfs and Ghibellines —    The names of Italian political factions deriving from the German Welf, the family name of the Dukes of Bavaria, and Waiblingen, the name of the castle of the Hohenstaufen Dukes of Swabia. The terms were first used in 1235 during the conflict… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Ghibellines / Guelfs —    Party names of the two rival factions that arose in many Italian communes during the wars of the 12th and 13th centuries between the German emperors and the popes. The Ghibellines supported the efforts of the emperors of the Hohenstaufen or… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Dante — /dan tee, dahn tay/; It. /dahn te/, n. (Dante Alighieri), 1265 1321, Italian poet: author of the Divine Comedy. * * * (as used in expressions) Busoni Ferruccio Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto Dante Alighieri Rossetti Dante Gabriel Gabriel Charles… …   Universalium

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • Guelf and Ghibelline — ▪ European history Guelf also spelled  Guelph        members of two opposing factions in German and Italian politics during the Middle Ages. The split between the Guelfs, who were sympathetic to the papacy, and the Ghibellines, who were… …   Universalium

  • Battle of Campaldino — Infobox Military Conflict caption= conflict=Battle of Campaldino partof=the conflict between Guelphs and Ghibellines date=June 11,1289 place=Campaldino, Tuscany, present day Italy result=Decisive Guelph victory combatant1=Florence Pistoia Lucca… …   Wikipedia

  • Cerchi — The Florentine banking family of the Cerchi, minor nobles of the Valdarno, with a seat especially at Acone near Pontassieve, settled in Florence in the early thirteenth century and increased their fortunes. The family became the heads of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Compagni, Dino — ▪ Italian historian born c. 1255, , Florence [Italy] died 1324, Florence       Florentine official and historian, author of a chronicle of the city s political life that is one of the first modern historical analyses.       Born to a wealthy… …   Universalium

  • Ezzelino III da Romano — ▪ Italian noble Ezzelino also spelled  Eccelino   born April 25, 1194 died Oct. 1, 1259, Soncino, Lombardy       Italian noble and soldier who was podestà (chief governing officer) of Verona (1226–30, 1232–59), Vicenza (1236–59), and Padua… …   Universalium

  • Dante Alighieri — (1265–1321)    Dante Alighieri is universally admired as one of the greatest writers in Western culture. His DIVINE COMEDY stands as perhaps the most significant text in medieval European literature.    Dante was born in Florence at the end of… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

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