(1401-ca. 1428)
   Florentine painter. Despite the small number of paintings he completed before his premature death at age 27, Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi, nicknamed Masaccio, was one of the most influential painters in the history of art. He was born and trained in Florence and seems to have understood before any other painter the significance of the principle of vanishing-point perspective first applied to sculpture by his fellow Florentines Fil-ippo Brunelleschi and Donatello. The attribution of a number of very early paintings sometimes ascribed to him is an open question, but be-tween 1525 and 1527 he produced a series of frescoes for the Bran-cacci chapel in the Carmelite church of Santa Maria Novella that ex-emplify full mastery of the decisive turn in painting associated with his name. The most striking of these frescoes are Holy Trinity with the Virgin and St. John, The Expulsion from the Garden, which depicts the nude and despairing Adam and Eve being driven out of Eden by the angel, and The Tribute Money, a pictorial representation of an incident from the life of Christ. Each of these three paintings shows mature and sensitive control of the characteristics that art historians define as typ-ical of the early Renaissance (or Quattrocento) style.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Masaccio — Detail of St. Peter Raising the Son of Theophilus and St. Peter Enthroned as First Bishop of Antioch, Brancacci Chapel, S. Maria del Carmine, Florence Birth name Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone (Simone) Cassai …   Wikipedia

  • MASACCIO — Auteur d’un petit nombre d’œuvres, Masaccio représente dans la peinture ce bref moment de l’histoire de Florence au cours duquel, après la terrible crise de 1348 et la lente reprise de la seconde moitié du siècle, la ville est en train de devenir …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Masaccio — • Italian painter, born about 1402, at San Giovanni di Valdarno, a stronghold situated between Arezzo and Florence; died, probably at Rome, in 1429 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Masaccio     Masaccio …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Masaccio — (Монтеварки,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 52025 Монтеварки, Италия Опи …   Каталог отелей

  • Masaccio —   [ma zattʃo], eigentlich Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi, italienischer Maler, * San Giovanni Valdarno (bei Arezzo) 21. 12. 1401, ✝ Rom vor dem 20. 12. 1429. Seit 1422 in Florenz nachweisbar, gilt Masaccio als der Begründer der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (spr. Masattscho), Thomasio Guidi La San Giovanni, geb. 1402 im Florentinischen; Maler, nach dessen Gemälden viele Maler studirten, u. deren eines, die Vertreibung der ersten Menschen aus dem Paradiese, sogar Rafael für die Stanzen des Vatican… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (spr. sattscho), eigentlich Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Simone Guidi, ital. Maler, geb. 21. Dez. 1401 im Kastell San Giovanni im Arnotal, gest. 1428 in Rom, wegen seiner Unbeholfenheit M. (»unbehilflicher Thomas«) genannt, war angeblich Schüler… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (spr. attscho), eigentlich Tommaso Guidi, florentin. Maler, geb. 21. Dez. 1401 zu San Giovanni im Arnotal, gest. 1428 in Rom; Hauptwerk: biblische Fresken in Sta. Maria del Carmine zu Florenz. – Vgl. Schmarsow (1895 98) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (–satscho), eigentl. Tommaso Guidi, florent. Maler, geb. 1402, lebte meist in Rom u. Florenz; st. 1443. Seine Bedeutung für die Malerei ist groß, indem er zuerst von der früheren Strenge sich loswand u. die malerische Schönheit der menschlichen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (izg. mazàčo) (1401 1428) DEFINICIJA talijanski slikar, prvo ime rane toskanske renesanse …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Masaccio — [mä sät′chō̂] (born Tommaso Guidi) 1401 28; Florentine painter …   English World dictionary

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